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Open Educational Resources: Background Reading

Inclusive Access

Vitez, Kaitlyn. Automatic Textbooks Billing: An Offer Students Can't Refuse? A Report by U.S. PIRG Education Fund, 2020.

Cuillier, Cheryl. Chapter 16 – Inclusive Access: Who, What, When, Where, How, and Why? in The Evolution of Affordable Content Efforts in the Higher Education Environment: Programs, Case Studies, and Examples and Why?, 2018.

The Rise of Inclusive Access
From the 2019 SPARC's Landscape Analysis, information on Inclusive Access can be found in this section of the larger report.

Open Educational Resources


Definition of Open Education and Open Education Resources in Librarians as Open Education Advocates by Rowena McKernan, Tria Skirko & Quill West and Library as Open Education Leader, 2015.

Open Education
This is a very succinct overview of open education and OERs from Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC).

Wesolek, A., Lashley, J., Langley, A. OER: A Field Guide for Academic Librarians. Pacific University Press, 2018.
This book is a general guide for would-be champions of OER, that anyone—called to action by the example set by the chapter authors—might serve as guides themselves. The individual chapters tap into the deep experience of practitioners who represent a meaningful cross section of higher education institutions in North America.

Elder, Abbey K, The OER Starter Kit. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Digital Press, 2019. DOI:
This text was created to provide instructors with an introduction to the use and creation of open educational resources (OER). It includes five sections: Getting Started, Copyright, Finding OER, Teaching with OER, and Creating OER.

Openstax: Introduction to Open Educational Resources
A tutorial on OERs in nine lessons.

As Campuses Move to Embrace OER, College Libraries Become Key Players. Young, Jeffrey R. EdSurge. 4 January 2018.
Short news piece on how libraries and librarians are promoting OER.

Adopting Open Educational Resources Can Help Students. But It Takes Time, Money and Effort. Koenig, Rebecca, EdSurge. 20 February 2020.
Article about the costs to institutions as they move from traditional course materials to OER.


Open Education Group. COUP Framework: An approach to studying OER and open pedagogy by looking at their Cost, Outcomes, Usage, Perceptions.


2018-2019 Connect OER Report. SPARC. Published: September 2019.

Bay View Analytics: Digital Texts in the Time of COVID: Educational Resources in U.S. Higher Education, 2020
Results of faculty survey on OER, 2021. Reports from 2012 - 2020 are available on their website.

Florida Virtual Campus: 2022 Student Textbook and Course Materials Survey
Results from a survey of more than 13,000 students at Florida's public higher education institutions. Students were asked how the cost of textbooks and instructional materials affects their educational experience. Published: September 2022.

Florida Virtual Campus: 2018 Student Textbook and Course Materials Survey
Results from a survey of over 21,000 students on textbook affordability and acquisition of at Florida’s public higher education institutions. The survey is typically done every two years with the results published the following year. Published: 8 March 2019.

Student PIRGS (related to the U.S. Public Interest Research Group)
A student group with chapters on 35 campuses. The organization works on social issues important to students. Three reports that they’ve published include: Open Textbooks: The Billion Dollar Solution (2nd Edition, 2023), Fixing the Broken Textbook Market (3rd edition, 2021), and Open 101: An Action Plan for Affordable Textbooks (2018).

White Paper on Open Educational Resources. Ontario Council of University Libraries. November 2017.
Report on library advocacy of OER from the Ontario Council of University Libraries.

2017 CARLI Open Educational Resources Survey.
Results of a survey of CARLI Member Library in 2017.

Open Pedagogy

What is Open Pedagogy
BCcampus definition of Open Pedagogy.

The Values of Open Pedagogy
Blog post from Transforming Higher Ed that articulates the values that shape open pedagogy.

Open Pedagogy: The What, Why, and How Synchronous Webinar by Will Cross

Expanding Our Sense of the Possible
Steel Wagstaff’s presentation at 2019 OERizona workshop, which features examples of open pedagogy projects in Pressbooks.

Open Pedagogy Notebook website
"This website is designed to serve as a resource for educators interested in learning more about Open Pedagogy." The site contains examples of Open Pedagogy course projects.

Guide to Making Open Textbooks with Students
"A handbook for faculty interested in practicing open pedagogy by involving students in the making of open textbooks, ancillary materials, or other Open Educational Resources."

The Open Faculty Patchbook: A Community Quilt of Pedagogy
"Fleming College faculty and our peers around the world are building a community patchwork of ‘chapters’ into a quasi-textbook about pedagogy for teaching & learning in college. Each patch of the quilt/chapter of the book (let’s call it a patchbook) will focus on one pedagogical skill and be completed and published by an individual faculty member."

OER Activity Sourcebook: An Interactive Resource Guide
"This is an evolving resource intended to provide inspiration for instructors who use Pressbooks and Open Educational Resources for their teaching."