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While the new ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education was filed by the ACRL Board in February, 2015, and was a major topic of discussion at ACRL 2015 in Portland, many academic librarians still question how to use the new Framework in library instruction. Since 2013, the CARLI Instruction Showcase has offered academic librarians from Illinois the opportunity to share tips, tricks, and techniques they have used in library instruction. This Toolkit maps those instructional activities taught at the CARLI Instruction Showcase to the Framework, with the hopes that instruction librarians can use these presentations as resources for creating and/or re-imagining their own library instruction to accord with the Frames.


The Frames are presented alphabetically. Instruction Showcase presentations are categorized by corresponding Knowledge Practices and Dispositions. 

Please note that while all presentations have been assigned to at least one knowledge practice, dispositions are only designated when given by presenters.

Authority is Constructed and Contextual

Information Creation as a Process

Information Has Value

Research as Inquiry

Scholarship as Conversation

Searching as Strategic Exploration

Standards and Framework

Definitions & Discussions on Threshold Concepts

  • Barradell, S. (2013). The identification of threshold concepts: A review of theoretical complexities and methodological challenges. Higher Education, 65(2), 265-276. doi:10.1007/s10734-012-9542-3
  • Morgan, P.K.  (2015, Winter).  Pausing at the Threshold. Faculty Publications.  Paper 1258
  • Meyer, J. & Land, R. (2003). Threshold Concepts and Troublesome Knowledge: Linkages to Ways of Thinking and Practising within the Disciplines. Edinburgh: School of Education, University of Edinburgh.
  • O’Donnell, R. (2010, December). A Critique of the Threshold Concept Hypothesis and an Application in Economics.  University of Technology, Sydney. School of Economics and Finance. Working Paper No. 164.
  • Rowbottom, D.P. (2007). Demystifying threshold concepts. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 41(2), 263-270. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9752.2007.00554.x
  • Townsend, L., Hofer, A. R., Lin Hanick, S., and Brunetti, K. (2016) Identifying threshold concepts for information literacy: A Delphi study. Communications in Information Literacy, 10 (1), 23-49.
  • Townsend, L., Brunetti, K., Hofer, A.R.  (2011, July).  Threshold Concepts and Information Literacy.  portal: Libraries and the Academy, 11(3), 853-869.

Critique/Discussion of the Framework


Incorporating into our teaching: Assessment/Learning Objectives/Case Studies


Bibliographies Providing More Sources

  • Association of College & Research Libraries.  (2015, February 2).  Appendix 3: Sources for Further Reading, Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. Retrieved from
    Identifies the seminal research related to threshold concepts as well as other approaches to information literacy learning.
  • University College London. Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering.  Threshold Concepts: Undergraduate Teaching, Postgraduate Training, and Professional Development; A Short Introduction and Bibliography.  Retrieved from

Instruction Activities- Selected Titles

Instruction Activities- Library of Congress Subject Headings